Browsing School of Business and Information Technology by Issue Date
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- ItemEmployment Benefits: What’s in Store for Both Employers and Employees?(Wiley, 2005) Cates, Steven V.
- ItemMajor Factors Behind Absenteeism in Corporate America and Suggested Remedial Strategies(International Academy of Business & Public Administration Disciplines, 2009) Cates, Steven V.
- ItemA Self Fullfilling Prophecy? Discriminatory Business Practices or Government Victims in an Analysis of EEOC Claims and Their Causal Factors(The Journal of Human Resource and Adult Learning, 2011) Cates, Steven V.; Dorsey, Scott
- ItemTowards a Theoretical Model of the Impacts of Incorporating Webcams in Virtual Teams(Clute Institute, 2012) Olson, Joel; Grinnell, Lynn; McAllister, Chad; Appunn, Frank; Walters, KimberlyVirtual teams have proliferated over the last ten years as businesses realized benefits in coordinating across geographic and departmental boundaries. Studies of virtual teams, however, have revealed uneven success in team effectiveness. With the increase in quality and availability of video over the Internet, there are opportunities to improve effectiveness of virtual teams by integrating videoconferencing into synchronous meetings. The purpose of this qualitative study is to evaluate the impact of video on team interactions and effectiveness. Results showed a relationship between the added richness and authenticity brought about by video and increased effectiveness, while also showing a relationship between the increased stress of learning new technology and decreased effectiveness.
- ItemThe Value of Webcams for Virtual Teams(Clute Institute, 2012) Olson, Joel; Walters, Kimberly; Appunn, Frank; Grinnell, Lynn; McAllister, ChadThe latest low-cost technology solutions provide practical and reliable video options form standard personal computers using the Internet. By adding video to an established and geographically dispersed team process, this exploratory research tries to establish the experience of participants and perceived effectiveness of the team. Building on the literature, this qualitative research performs a content analysis design on a text transcription of weekly audio logs from participants. This approach analyzes the rich content of team members to discover the relevance of differing elements within trust, technology, and effectiveness find support. By understanding the influences of adding video to teams, leaders, and managers should be able to make informed decisions regarding the adoption of video for each participant. The attitude evolution regarding the use of technology over a period of six weeks provides further considerations for deployment.
- ItemAffinity Orientation (LGBT) Issues in America: The Legal Truths(2012) Hilier, Patricia; Cates, Steven V.
- ItemThe State of Sexual Harassment in America: What is the Status of Sexual Harassment in the US Workplace Today?(The Journal of Global Business Management, 2012) Machin, Lynn; Cates, Steven V.
- ItemVirtual Team Trust: Task, Communication, Sequence(Emerald Publishing, 2012) Olson, Joel; Olson, LindaPurpose - This study aims to examine the impact of task interdependence, communication medium, and sequence of conditions on trust in virtual teams. Design/methodology/approach - A pilot experiment was conducted using 22 subjects in eight groups with a mixed 2×2 design. A within‐groups method with repeated measures was used to explore time pressure and task complexity, communication medium and individual perceptions of trust. A between‐groups method was used for sequence of conditions. The four study conditions were: a simple task in a face‐to‐face condition; a complex task in a face‐to‐face condition; a simple task in a computer‐mediated condition; and a complex task in a computer‐mediated condition. Groups were randomly assigned to a starting condition. Each group was rotated through all the conditions. Following each condition, subjects completed the modified Jarvenpaa‐Knoll‐Leidner trust measure assessing their individual perception of trust for that condition. Findings - Significant effects were found on the relationships between the communication medium and condition sequences of task interdependence and communication medium on individual perceptions of trust. No significant effects were found on the relationship of task interdependence and individual perceptions of trust. Research limitations/implications - The sample size makes the study more descriptive than inferential. Originality/value - This study intends to add to the trust literature by examining the impact of task interdependence, communication medium, and sequence of conditions on trust in virtual teams. Its primary contribution is the sequence of conditions on trust. The trust affect of condition sequence is linked to task interdependence, communication predictability, and adpative structuration theory.
- ItemDiscrimination in a Covert Methodology: An Analysis of Physical and Social Characteristics That Prohibit People from Becoming Employed(Scientific Research Publishing Inc., 2012-06) Cates, Steven V.; Dana, HeatherOrganizations all over the world are found guilty of using stereotypes to discriminate against applicants in the selection process for employment. This research seeks to answer the question what stereotypes are used to discriminate against people in the selection process and consequently provide an analysis of the physical and social characteristics that prohibit people from gaining employment. A sample of 87 working adults taking a Human Resources Management course were selected to complete a survey that questioned them on physical characteristics and how they affected their decisions on hiring or rejecting applicants. Historical research has held that interviews possess some stereotypes such as race, gender, age, height and weight to judge applicants rather than their skills, knowledge and ability to perform the job. Five hypotheses were posited for testing. Mixed support was provided that respondents ignore most stereotypical characteristics in the employment selection process but surprisingly strong support for one’s appearance and dress was found. It is recommended that interviewers undertake detailed training, decrease stereotyping by focusing on job description and keep interviews job related. It is also wise for interviews to include tests when judging applicant’s skills, knowledge and ability. Federal laws and the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission also serve to ensure that equal opportunity is granted to all and discrimination is avoided.
- ItemVirtual Team Effectiveness and Sequence of Conditions(Clute Institute, 2013) Olson, Joel; Olson, LindaThis study examines the sequence of Group Task Pressure (GTP) and communication medium conditions on group effectiveness. It contributes to the task-technology fit research by considering the sequence of these conditions on task-technology fit related to group effectiveness. The study has value for professionals pursuing the construction and management of virtual teams. A pilot experiment was conducted using 22 subjects in eight groups with a mixed 2x2 design. Given the sample size, the study is more descriptive than inferential. The study manipulated GTP by combinations of time scarcity, reward and task complexity. The media conditions used in the study were face-to-face and synchronous computer-mediated chats. Group effectiveness was measured by the length of time groups took to complete assigned tasks. The four study conditions were: a simple task completed face-to-face, a simple task completed in a computer-mediated condition, a complex task completed in a face-to-face condition and a complex task in a computer-mediated condition. Each group was rotated through all the conditions. The sequence of communication medium conditions were significant, but not the sequence of GTP conditions. Groups starting in the face-to-face condition took less time to complete their rotation of tasks than groups starting in the computer-mediated condition. Groups starting in both the low and high GTP conditions took the same amount of time to complete the full rotation of task and conditions. Recommendations for subsequent research on group task pressure are presented.
- ItemCan You Lead Effectively? An analysis of the Leadership Styles of Four Generations of American Employees(International Review of Management and Business Research, 2013) Cates, Steven V.; Cojanu, Kevin A.; Pettine, Susan
- ItemThe Dark Side of Working in a Virtual World: An Investigation of the Relationship between Workplace Isolation and Engagement among Teleworkers(Scientific Research Publishing Inc., 2013-06) Cates, Steven V.; Davis, RussellTeleworking is an alternate work arrangement that has transformed the workplace that allows workers to fulfill their job assignment from any location away from the traditional office. Although this work arrangement has been growing in popularity due to various factors such as concerns for the environment, advances in communication technologies, and the globalization of the workforce, there are growing concerns that frequent use of teleworking may cause increase perceptions of feeling isolated  Golden, 2001;  Marshall, 2007;  Golden & Veiga, 2006;  Copper & Kurland, 2002). Additionally little or no research has been conducted on how feeling isolated influence engagement among teleworkers. The purpose of this quantitative research study is to investigate the relationship between workplace isolation and engagement and to determine to what extent the relationship between workplace isolation and gender among teleworkers. A survey consisting of the Workplace Isolation Scale  Marshall, 2007, Employee Engagement Scale  DDI, 2005 and demographic factors was used to investigate the relationship between workplace isolation and engagement and used to determine the relationship between workplace isolation and gender among 472 teleworkers. Using a correlational research design, it is found there is a statistically significant relationship between workplace isolation and employee engagement. Workplace isolation scores are shown to have a strong negative correlation with employee engagement scores. A regression analysis utilizing employee engagement as the dependent variable and workplace isolation as the independent variable is conducted. The results indicate statistical significance in that workplace isolation scores predicted employee engagement scores. A two-independent-sample t test is conducted to determine if there is enough evidence to suggest the mean workplace isolation scores are related to gender. The results of the t test are inconclusive. However using descriptive statistics techniques it is discovered respondents who telework 3 to 5 days a week have lower workplace isolation means scores than those who teleworked 1, 2 and 4 days a week. Leaders of organizations can use the results of this study to assist in the development of teleworking engagement strategies that not only target reducing workplace isolation perceptions to enhance engagement for teleworkers, but also to address possible issues related to increased perceptions of isolation across gender.
- ItemAs AI Advances into 'Deep Learning,' are Robot Butlers on the Horizon?(2014) Banafa, Ahmed
- ItemEngage the Disengaged: Strategies for Addressing the Expectations of Today's Online Millenials(Information Age Publishing, 2014) Jagannathan, Usha; Blair, Risa
- ItemWebcams and Virtual Teams: An Impact Model(Emerald Publishing, 2014) Olson, Joel; Appunn, Frank; McAllister, Chad; Walters, Kimberly; Grinnell, LynnPurpose - The paper aims to address the question, "What is the impact of web-based video via webcams on virtual team trust and effectiveness?" Change and evolution in team perceptions over time are described. The result is the creation of a theoretical model describing the effect of webcams on virtual team development. Design/methodology/approach - A qualitative phenomenological heuristic case study was used to explore the individual expectations and experiences of the team members over a six-week period. To strengthen reliability and validity, two qualitative methods, content analysis and constant comparative analysis -- a means of grounded theory, were used to both test the historic basis of the existing literature on trust and effectiveness in virtual teams and to explore how the use of webcams influenced the work, interactions and effectiveness of a virtual team. Both qualitative methods involved different pairs of researchers using inter-rater coefficients to address coding reliability and validity. Results from the two methods were then compared and contrasted. Findings - The resulting model highlights the importance of ongoing, formal differentiated training on new technology. This research also suggests careful management of technology change and its deployment to enhance outcomes of various organization forms. Research limitations/implications - Given the nature of the qualitative study, the findings are not generalizable, but may illumine the understanding of webcams and technology adaptation in similar virtual teams. Practical implications - The resulting model highlights the importance of ongoing, formal differentiated training on new technology. This research also suggests careful management of technology change and its deployment to enhance outcomes of various organization forms. The study incorporates Technology Acceptance Theory and applications of the Kirton Adaptation-Innovation Inventory. Originality/value - With the increase in bandwidth on the Internet, technologies such as webcams have become more viable for use in virtual teams.
- ItemHow IT Professionals Can Stay Relevant in a Mobile Landscape(Purdue University Global, 2014) Chicone, RhondaEducation, flexibility, and imagination are the ingredients to future IT success. There is frequently a lot of talk about the “Internet of Things,” but it’s hard to pin a definition to somewhat nebulous jargon. (Article introduction used in place of an abstract.)
- ItemHow do Consumers Want to Be Persuaded?(2014-01-30) DePriest, Desiree L.
- ItemWearable Tech is No Fad(2014-08) Banafa, Ahmed
- ItemWhat is Fog Computing?(2014-08-25) Banafa, Ahmed